Fantasie in C major, Op. 17 (orch. Aug. 2008) is a remarkable piano solo by Robert Schumann in 1836 dedicated to Franz Liszt. It is generally regarded as one of the pinnacle piano works of the Romantic era and a crowning achievement in the catalog of the prolific German composer. When completed, Schumann told his publisher that the first 100 publications would be sold to raise funds to erect a monument of Beethoven in Bonn.
The work is a three movement piece structured in loose sonata form as follows:
1. Durchaus fantastisch und leidenschaftlich vorzutragen; Im Legenden-Ton
2. Mäßig. Durchaus energisch
3. Langsam getragen. Durchweg leise zu halten
The first movement is rhapsodic and passionate; the middle movement (in E flat major) is a grandiose rondo based on a majestic march, with episodes that recall the emotion of the first movement; and the finale is slow and meditative.
This orchestration is faithful to the counterlines, harmonies, nuances, tempos, articulations and expressive nature that paints an accurate portrayal of the piano solo for orchestras and new audiences and music enthusiasts to enjoy.